Born in Bahrain in 1947, she is the seventh among seven sisters and a brother. She is the daughter of the acclaimed Bahraini writer and poet Ibrahim Al-Arrayed
In 1966, she received her bachelor's degree in education from Beirut College of Girls. She later pursued her master's degree in management of higher educational institutions from the American University of Beirut in 1969, and her doctorate in educational planning and management from the University of North Carolina in 1975.
She worked at the Ministry of Education in Bahrain between 1967 and 1969, before joining Aramco in 1980.
Al-Arrayed is highly engaged in women's issues, and their role as social and developmental change agents. Her own role has involved her in top-level policymaking and developmental plans. To this end, she has participated in many Arab and regional conferences, at which she shared aspirations and strongly worded views for women to play a positive leading role both locally and internationally.
She wrote in a number of Arabic newspapers across markets, from Riyadh to London. She is also a member of the Advisory Committee of the Arab Thought Foundation, the Arab Society for the Development of Human Resources, and the Saudi Commission for the Development of International Trade and others.
She published several books, including " Crossing the Desert Alone", "A Woman without a name", and her latest, released in 1998, "Where's the Way of the Tree?".
Her poems were translated into a number of foreign languages, including English, French, German and Italian. Several poetry evenings were dedicated to her body of work in a number of Arab and foreign countries.
She became a member of the Saudi Shura Council in January 2013, and remained so until 2017.
Al-Arrayed’s body of work has resonated with many intellectuals and thinkers, who have previously organized a festival to pay tribute to the acclaimed poet’s journey and history.